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Menschenhandel und Wirtschaft

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Human trafficking and business: Good practices to prevent and combat human trafficking (UN Global Compact, UN.GIFT) 

Companies can be affected by human trafficking in a number of important ways. They can be directly linked to the practice through the recruitment, transport, harbouring, or receipt of a person for the purpose of exploitation (in other words, a trafficking victim). Companies may be implicated in human trafficking if their premises, products or services, for example, are used by traffickers for the purpose of trafficking – e.g. in the transport, tourism or hospitality sectors.

Businesses can also be indirectly linked to trafficking through the actions of their suppliers or business partners, including sub-contractors, labour brokers or private employment agencies. In this way, companies can be implicated if they source goods or use services that are produced or provided by trafficking victims. In both cases, although the link may not be intended or even known, a clear violation of human rights has occurred if exploitation is involved, including forced labour or forms of sexual exploitation, or if deception, threats or the use of force has been used.

Human Trafficking (Human Rights and Business Dilemmas Forum) 

The relationship between human trafficking and business

The three main ways in which companies can become involved with human trafficking are:

  1. Traffickers‘ use of a company’s products, facilities or services in the process (e.g. the transport of trafficking victims via international airlines, shipping companies and others in the transportation sector)
  2. Through the exploitation of trafficking victims within a company’s supply chain (e.g. the use of forced labour by suppliers or sub-contractors)
  3. Utilisation of personnel supplied by third party agents (domestic or overseas), over which the company has limited oversight (e.g. labour brokers whose unscrupulous treatment of workers amounts to trafficking).

Relevant sectors

In its Combating Forced Labour: A Handbook for Employers & Business, the ILO identifies the following as sectors in which human trafficking (and associated forced labour) is a serious problem:

  • Agriculture and horticulture
  • Construction
  • Garments and textiles (under sweatshop conditions)
  • Hospitality and catering
  • Mining and logging
  • Food processing and packaging
  • Transportation
  • Domestic service and other care and cleaning work

Links und Ressourcen: 

Zwangsarbeit, Kinderarbeit und andere Menschenrechtsverletzungen in der Palmölindustrie (Schuster Institute for Investigative Journalism; Englisch)

Menschenhandel‬, Ausbeutung und Sklaverei in der Fischindustrie

Menschenhandel und Zwangsarbeit in Goldminen in Peru (verite.org, Englisch)

Menschenhandel und Zwangsarbeit in verschiedenen Rohstoff im „Forced Labor Commodity Atlas“ (verite.org, Englisch)

Eradicating forced labour from supply chains (ILO)

Forced labour’s business models and supply chains (UK)

Human Trafficking & Global Supply Chains: A Background Paper (OHCHR, 2012)

Wirtschaft und Menschenrechte„, inkl. Arbeitsbedingungen am European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR), Berlin

Bündnis gegen Menschenhandel zur Arbeitsausbeutung 

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Artikel in der Presse:

Slaves in the supply chain: 12 ways to clean up business (The Guardian, Dezember 2013)

gemeinsam gegen menschenhandel

gemeinsam gegen menschenhandelnettzwerkB solwodi „Mission freeedon“ Menschenhandel Geby wentland 

gemeinsam gegen menschenhandel

gemeinsam gegen menschenhandel

gemeinsam gegen menschenhandel

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